DAILY GRAMMAR (DG) 16-09-2018

1a. We are invited to an urgent meeting at three p.m. (No)

We are invited to an urgent meeting at 3 p.m. (Yes)

We are invited to an urgent meeting at 3:00 p.m. (Yes)

1b. The manager receives visitors from 2 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. (No)

The manager receives visitors from 2:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. (Yes)

(When time is written in words, the abbreviations “a.m.” and “p.m.” cannot be used. While zeros may be added or not to the even hour when the time appears alone, if a part of the sentence contains minutes, zeros must be added to the even hour in the same sentence.)

2a. The man is five point eight metres tall. (No)

The man is 5.8 metres tall. (Yes)

2b. According to a report, seventy two per cent of Nigerian youth are unemployed. (No)

According to a report, 72 per cent of Nigerian youth are unemployed. (Yes)

According to a report, 72% of Nigerian youth are unemployed. (Yes)

2c. 10% of the contract fee was paid to the agent as commission. (No)

Ten per cent of the contract fee was paid to the agent as commission. (Yes)

(Figures are usually used to express decimals and percentages. However, percentages are spelt out when they begin sentences. “Per cent” is used after figures and words expressing number but “%” is used only after figures. Note that “percent” is American while “per cent” is British.)

3a. Two thirds of your friend’s salary are now spent on loan repayment. (No)

Two thirds of your friend’s salary is now spent on loan repayment. (Yes)

3b. Three quarters of her emoluments was spent on building a befitting house. (No)

Three quarters of her emoluments were spent on building a befitting house. (Yes)

3c. One and a half kilometres are not a far distance. (No)

One and a half kilometres is not a far distance. (Yes)

3d. One and a half cupfuls (of milk) are his daily intake. (No)

One and a half cupfuls (of milk) is his daily intake. (Yes)

(When a fraction is the subject of a sentence, the verb agrees with the noun in the prepositional phrase. However, if “one” as subject of a sentence is followed by a fraction, the verb is singular as it agrees with “one”.)

Did You Know?

The Old English word for honeymoon is “flitterwochen”, which means “fleeting weeks.”

What do you think about that word?

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