DAILY GRAMMAR (DG) 12-09-2018

1a. 91 registered political parties are in Nigeria. (No)

Ninety-one registered political parties are in Nigeria. (Yes)

Nigeria has 91 registered political parties. (Yes)

1b. Muslims pray 5 times daily. (No)

Muslims pray five times daily. (Yes)

1c. Among other things, the bride’s family demands five rams, six bundles of cloth, seven bags of rice and eight kegs of palm oil. (No)

Among other things, the bride’s family demands 5 rams, 6 bundles of cloth, 7 bags of rice and 8 kegs of palm oil. (Yes)

(Numbers are spelt out at the beginning of a sentence though they are expressed in figures in the sentence. While numbers are spelt out from one to ten, series of related numbers are written in figures. Figures are usually used in reports.)

2a. Today is September 12th, 2018. (No)

Today is 12th September 2018. (Yes, British)

Today is September 12, 2018. (Yes, American)

Today’s date is 12-09-2018. (Yes, British)

Today’s date is 09-12-2018. (Yes, American)

2b. The conference begins on the 18 September, 2018. (No)

The conference begins on 18 September 2018. (Yes, British)

The conference begins on the 18th of September , 2018. (Yes, British)

The conference begins on September 18, 2018. (Yes, American)

2c. The conference holds between September 18 and September 21, 2018. (No)

The conference holds between 18th and 21st September 2018. (Yes, British)

The conference holds between September 18 and 21, 2018. (Yes, American)

(There are patterns of expressing or writing dates in British and American Englishes. The patterns are comparable. Generally, the British begin with day, followed by month and year. The Americans, however, begin with month, followed by day and year.)

3a. Adeola was born on July, 2009. (No)

Adeola was born in July, 2009. (Yes)

3b. Adeola was born in the 1st of July, 2009. (No)

Adeola was born on 1st July 2009. (Yes)

Adeola was born on the 1st of July, 2009. (Yes)

Adeola was born on July 1, 2009. (Yes)

(A person is born “in” a month or year but “on” a specific date. Patterns of the acceptable styles are available in the two standard varieties of BE and AE.)

Did You Know?

The expression “long time no see” is believed to be a literal translation of a Native American or Chinese phrase. It is not grammatically correct but it is acceptable, especially in informal discourse.

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