DAILY GRAMMAR (DG) 11-09-2018

1a. His name is muhammadu buhari. (No)

His name is Muhammadu Buhari. (Yes)

1b. he is the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. (No)

He is the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. (Yes)

1c. I heard uncle Bello say that president Buhari is an incorruptible leader. (No)

I heard Uncle Bello say that President Buhari is an incorruptible leader. (Yes)

(Capitalise the initial letters of proper nouns or names of specific persons, animals, places or things anywhere they occur in a sentence. Start every sentence, whether complete or not, with a capital letter. Then, when any of the kinship terms, e.g., “brother,” “sister,” “father,” “mother,” “uncle,” “aunt,” etc., precedes a name, its initial letter is capitalised. The same rule applies to all ranks or titles, be they academic, political or religious, when they precede a name.)

2a. The Professor refused to listen to the lazy students’ excuses. (No)

The professor refused to listen to the lazy students’ excuses. (Yes)

2b. Would you agree to be my supervisor, Sir? (No)

Would you agree to be my supervisor, sir? (Yes)

2c. I am sorry to tell you, Madam, that your research proposal was rejected by the panel. (No)

I am sorry to tell you, madam, that your research proposal was rejected by the panel. (Yes)

(You do not capitalise titles like “judge,” “elder,” “principal,” “professor,” “pastor,” “teacher,” etc. when they stand alone. You also do not capitalise “sir,” “madam,” “monsieur,” etc. when used alone in an address, if they do not start a sentence.)

3a. Madam president, I seek your permission to leave for a moment. (No)

Madam President, I seek your permission to leave for a moment. (Yes)

3b. Do you think, professor, that this topic is researchable? (No)

Do you think, Professor, that this topic is researchable? (Yes)

3c. The staff were wasting valuable time on gossip when the chairman came in. (No)

The staff were wasting valuable time on gossip when the Chairman came in. (Yes)

(When a title precedes a name, its intial letter is capitalised. Then, when a title is used in the second person as a replacement of a name or proper noun, its initial letter is capitalised. Also, when a title is used as the name of the bearer and a specific person is intended, i.e., referred to in the singular number, the first letter of the title is capitalised.)

Did You Know?

English is the official language of 67 countries as well as 27 non-sovereign entities like Hong Kong and Puerto Rico. At least, 80 per cent of information stored on computers worldwide is in English.

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