DAILY GRAMMAR (DG) 13-08-2018

1a. I have been waiting here since four hours. (No)

I have been waiting here for four hours. (Yes)

1b. We have not met for four years ago. (No)

We have not met since four years ago. (Yes)

(To indicate the length of time, “for” is used; to indicate a point of time, “since” is used.)

2a. Just remain there until I don’t return from home. (No)

Just remain there until I return from home. (Yes)

2b. Keep writing til I tell you to stop! (No)

Keep writing till I tell you to stop! (Yes)

(“Until” is used to express time. Since it expresses a negative idea, “not” is never used with it. Both “until” and “till” are interchangeable, usually, though the former is formal while the latter is informal. “Til” and its apostrophe-laden variants, ” ’til” and ” ’till” are not correct in modern English.)

3a. The comedian speaks as if he is President Buhari. (No)

The comedian speaks as if he were President Buhari. (Yes)

The comedian speaks like President Buhari. (Yes)

3b. He addresses me as if I was his mate. (No)

He addresses me as if I am his mate. (No)

He addresses me as if I were his mate. (Yes)

(“As if” is used to express a sense of pretension. When it is used in this sense, “were” is the correct form in all cases, including the third personal pronouns.)

Did You Know?

The shortest and oldest word in English is “I”.

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