That is why the decision on the future of many Islamic nations were taken at the Berlin Conference of 1885 or as in the case of Palestine through the Balfour Declaration that set the stage for the Zionist occupation of the Palestinian land and the establishment of the State of Israel. The Berlin Conference was where the colonial powers decided on how to share territories of Africa and Asia while the Balfour Declaration was the instrument used for the attainment of the dream of Theodore Herzl to achieve the State of Israel and set the tone of future crisis of the Middle East,
These insights are necessary for us to appreciate why it is in the Muslim lands that most of the colonial wars over territories were fought. They will also let us appreciate why the most problematic region now is the Muslim and Arab-dominated Maghreb and the Islamically influenced countries of South and South East Asia. They will also let us appreciate why the policy of many European nations is to curtail the influence of islam in their socio-cultural milieu.
At the height of muslim universal power and influence, there was pursuit of beneficial knowledge and application of virtuous science, even if not as advanced as what it is today. It brought out the Islamiqueness of Muslims as cultured, not the barbarians the western scholars made the world to believe. Trade and Commerce flourished in the golden era of Islamic orient, but not in what will compromise the sanity and spirituality of man. Unfortunately, it is the Islamiqueness of that time that the so called modernists first assaulted as backwardness and unnecessary attachment to tradition.
So, what are the basic values of Islam that validate the Islamiqueness of the early muslims and their immediate successors with a view to identifying why today’s muslims are falling short of their spiritual and moral leadership expectations. The first principle of Islamiqueness on which the early Muslim generation constructed their lives is iiman that is belief or faith in Allah and the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (saw}. The corollary to adherence to this first pillar of Islam is the acceptance of all the contents and CREED of faith: all the prophets, the angels, the revealed books, predestination and life after death/last day. The extent to which the early muslims held these articles of faith also defined the steadfastness with which they upheld the other four pillars of the Islamic faith i.e. the prescribed daily prayers, as-salaat, the purifying payment of zakaat or charity, the obligation of fasting in Ramadan and the concern to perform the hajj, or the pilgrimage to the house of Allah, in Makkah.