“A Hero is someone who has given his or her life to something bigger than oneself.”

-       Joseph Campbell

The world today has become a confused arena populated with masses having no clue of what is going on around them, and more especially, with them. The enthusiasm and optimism that foregrounded the most part of the 20th century, despite the great wars and mass killings, turned pessimistic in last few decades, and now paranoia dictates us. Our present bearing is so fittingly described by Cooper in the movie Interstellar that “We used to look up at the sky and wonder at our places in the stars. Now we just look down and worry about our places in the dirt.” We used to exalt our lives with the sublime conduct by following examples of people like Gandhi and Buddha. We used to be inspired by the stories of people, real or fictional, displaying extraordinary demeanor against hostile forces. Now, we have turned them into commodities with which we satisfy our fetish devours by owning them. What led humanity to arrive here? The old tales are not working now and new ones are not in the making. A bizarre wasteland surmounts us inhabited by a lot that is passive and disinterested, lacking moral convictions, aspiring to be rescued and purged by someone else for their sins. However, whom they chose to be rescued by, that posits the question.

This question consciously or unconsciously has become a part of our day-to-day discourse. Metaphors ranging from the semiotics of avant-garde to pop-culture, from real to surreal, from genres and beyond, wobble around the same question – What sort of hero you want to choose to redeem yourself? But before one can delve into this question, one needs to ask, who and what is a Hero? Joseph Campbell weighs over the concept of hero and elucidates that a hero is someone who makes a journey into an experience that is lacking in life or is not permitted to the members of society. The hero, thus, takes an adventurous journey to have an access to that knowledge and then returns back with some message; hence, a cyclical process of going and returning. If so, can we call each one of us heroes, as Norman Mailer said during Kennedy’s Presidential bid in 1960, “each of us was born to be free, to wander, to have adventure and to grow on the waves of the violent, the perfumed, and the unexpected, had a force which could not be tamed.” If these are the interpretations of being and becoming a hero, then what are the (im)possibilities of academics, theologians, philosophers, and ascetics to become one? One can notice the repetition of journeys that Campbell talks about have been witnessed in the stories ranging from Jesus to Ram to Buddha to Krishna to Beowulf to Ulysses to Robin Hood to Milton’s Satan to even contemporary encashment of “hero-making” and “hero-worshipping” in the likes of Obama to Donald Trump to Vladimir Putin to John Cena to Shahrukh Khan to Batman. It is in the later body of folks where the concept goes awry because by the time one reaches to this end of the string, it becomes hard to decipher between the hero and the image. And thus, is witnessed the emergence of myth-making of heroes from tribal, local, regional, ethnic, racial, gendered, religious, national and international communities.

And it becomes more convoluted and twisted because we are strolling in an age where the stratosphere everywhere is breathing with its own kind of personal and private heroes conflicting with the other. Orrin E. Klapp justly remarks in his article, “The Creation of Popular Superheroes,” which seems to be an astute remark for our times that “an age of mass hero worship is an age of instability,” and it would be rash on our part if we blind eye ourselves to this fact. ‘The best are lacking in all convictions’ as W B Yeats once remarked, ‘and the worst are full of passionate intensity’. Only if one can dare to confront such ‘heroes’ like Bob Dylan emphatically does, “I see through your eyes/And I see through your brain/Like I see through the water/That runs down my drain” (Masters of War). So, what is the solution? Shall the heroes be abandoned? Shall the search be for a Hero rather than heroes? The matter of fact is we are in a mad house and we are all mad as the Cat mentions to Alice in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland:

‘How do you know I’m mad?’ said Alice.

‘You must be,’ said the Cat, ‘or you wouldn’t have come here.’

Now, if we can’t abandon the idea of leaving the premises of the madhouse, it is better then to reconstruct the formula of madness afresh. If we can’t bail out of our heroes for a Hero (having whom would again be nightmarish), if we can’t go back to the world where heroes acted as a beacon to overcome our mortal fears, then the need is as Paul Meadows illustrates, to ‘identify the social interaction of the hero in its myriad form: social control, , imitation, propaganda, the social movement, crowd psychology’ (“Some Notes on the Social Psychology of the Hero”).

This conference, therefore, aims to bring forth the scholars and researchers to deliberate upon the various concepts and jargons about heroes within the genres and beyond of political, social, cultural, and literary, with hopes to construct and rejuvenate ideas from scratch out of the stale ones.

Following are the subthemes (but not limited) that this conference aims to dwell upon:

  • Hero or Leader
  • Hero as Character/Protagonist
  • Hero/Anti-hero/Villain/Criminal
  • Hero as Poet/Prophet/Philosopher
  • Female Hero or Heroine
  • Hero in Transition
  • Alternative Hero
  • Hero as Outcaste/Pariah
  • Superhero
  • Artist/Author as a Hero
  • Hero with Mask
  • City/Space as Hero
  • Genre Heroes
  • Medium/Technology as Hero
  • Statesman as Hero
  • Nation as Hero
  • Hero as Myth/Hero in Mythology
  • Hero as Explorer
  • Hero as Guardian

Key Points

 

Last date for sending abstract of the paper:  31 December

Last date for sending complete paper: 28 January

Send abstract/paper to the conference email idheroconferencebhu2018@gmail.com

Selected Presenters will be notified by 10 January 2018

Conference Dates: 23-24 February 2018

Registration Fee: Rs 2,000 (for Research Scholars); Rs 2,500 (for Faculty Members); and 100 USD (for International delegates)

Format for the Application 

  1. Full Name:
  2. Sex:
  3. Address (including telephone and email id):
  4. Nationality:
  5. Institutional affiliations:
  6. Department:
  7. Academic qualification:
  8. Presently pursuing any course or present occupation/position:
  9. Publications, if there (mention the best three):
  10. Specific research area/topic (if any):
  11. Abstract of your presentation in the Conference:

Chief-Patron

Patron

 

Prof. G.C. Tripathi

Vice Chancellor

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi – 221005

Prof. S.S. Kaushik

Principal

MahilaMahavidyalaya

BHU, Varanasi

Organizing Committee 

Dr. Amar Singh

Convener

Assistant Professor

Department of English (MMV)

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi – 221005

Mob. +91- 9454950123

Shipra Tholia

Co-convener & Organizing Secretary

Assistant Professor

Department of German Studies

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi – 221005

Mob. +91-9451052207

Dr. Pravin K. Patel

Treasurer

Assistant Professor

Department of English (MMV)

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi – 221005

Mob. +91-9554796662

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